The foot and ankle are made up of 31 bones, 33 joints, and more than a hundred muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These structures provide support, balance, and shock absorption when standing, walking, and running.
The repetitive forces the foot and ankle endure make them especially vulnerable to pain and injury. At the Joint Preservation Center of Towson Orthopaedic Associates, we work closely with each patient to create a personalized treatment plan to relieve pain, return range of motion, and prevent future joint deterioration.
Common Foot and Ankle Conditions
Foot & Ankle Arthritis
Arthritis, an inflammatory disease of the joints, is a common cause of pain in the small joints of the toes and ankle. Many different forms of arthritis affect the foot and ankle, all of which make it difficult to walk and perform daily activities. While there is no cure for arthritis, proper treatment can provide pain relief, slow the progression of the disease, and allow patients to remain active.
Foot & Ankle Sprains, Fractures, & Deformities
The stress and pressure put on the feet on a daily basis can sometimes lead to sprains, fractures, or deformities that can cause intense pain and reduce mobility. Sprains and fractures are acute (sudden) injuries that often occur when the foot or ankle is twisted beyond its normal range of motion. Foot deformities, such as bunions, flat feet, or hammertoes, are disorders that can be congenital or develop gradually following injury, illness, or prolonged stress to the foot. While non-surgical options are often available to treat these problems, early intervention is important to avoid further damage.